fabric types in India

Popular Fabric Types In India With Pictures & Full Detail

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fabric types in India

India is a country rich in culture and heritage, and its fabrics are no different. From vivid, vibrant saris to intricate, intricately embroidered fabric, India has it all.

Every region in the country offers its own unique type of fabric, each with its own distinct characteristics. Whether you’re looking for something light and airy, or something heavy and luxurious, India has it all.

In this post, we take a trip through the Fabric types in India. Each has its own story and cultural meaning. We’ll learn about methods and patterns that are used to make these textiles, which show the spirit of the places they come from.

most popular fabrics in India

Khadi is the classic Indian fabric, originally handspun and hand-woven, and is the symbol of national pride. India’s most famous silk, known as the Banarasi saree, is known for its intricate embroidery and gilded patterns.

Cotton is another popular fabric in India, prized for its breathability and comfort.


Khadi fabric
  • An evergreen fabric, steeped in the history of our nation, Khadi has long been a symbol of strength and unity. Weaved with the threads of patriotism, Khadi stands true as a timeless textile.
  • From the classic white kurta-pajama to modern and fashionable silhouettes, Khadi has evolved with the times and is now seen as an iconic fashion statement.
  • The fabric is an important part of India’s textile industry and is made by hand, using traditional spinning and weaving methods.
  • The yarn is spun on a spinning wheel called a charkha, and the fabric is woven using a traditional loom. This gives the fabric its unique texture, strength, and durability.
  • The fabric is also known for its breathability and is often seen in summer wear due to its lightweight feel. It also comes in a variety of colors, prints, and patterns, making it a versatile fabric for any season.
  • From bright and bold colors to subtle and muted shades, Khadi can be dressed up or down for any occasion. It is also a fabric that is easy to maintain and can be washed at home, making it a perfect choice for those looking for a low-maintenance wardrobe.


Silk fabric
  • Walking through the bazaars of India, one is captivated by the vibrant colors and textures of the fabrics that are available. Among them, one of the most popular is silk, a luxurious material that has been valued for centuries.
  • Silk is made from the cocoons of the silkworm, which is a species of caterpillar that can be found in India. It is renowned for its soft and smooth texture, as well as its glossy sheen.
  • There are many different types of silk, each with its own unique characteristics. Some of the most well-known varieties found in India are Tussar, Muga, and Mulberry.
  • Tussar is a wild silk that is harvested from the forests of India. It is a lightweight fabric that is known for its unique earthy color and its strength.
  • Muga silk is harvested from wild silkworms that are native to India and it is renowned for its golden yellow hue and its softness.
  • Finally, Mulberry silk is the most sought-after variety, as it is the most luxurious type with a subtle sheen and a soft texture.
  • From the traditional saris and salwar kameez to the more modern clothing items, silk is a popular fabric that is used in a variety of garments.
  • Its luxurious feel and elegant shine make it the perfect choice for formal occasions, and its durability and affordability make it a popular choice for everyday wear.


Cotton fabric
  • Walking away from the luxurious world of silks, we come to the humble cotton. Cotton has been a staple fabric for the majority of India for centuries and for good reason.
  • The fabric is renowned for its soft texture and light breathability, making it a perfect choice for both formal and casual attire. It is also a highly durable fabric, lasting for many years with proper care.
  • Cotton is not only comfortable and practical, but it is also easy to care for. It can be machine washed, dried quickly, and requires minimal ironing.
  • Not only is cotton a practical choice, but it is also a great way to show off your personal style. Whether you want to make a subtle statement
  • with a classic white shirt or make a bold impression with a vibrant patterned print, cotton is the perfect fabric to express yourself. With an array of colors, patterns, and textures, you can find the perfect fabric to suit your individual style.
  • Cotton is a timeless fabric that has been appreciated by generations of Indians, and it is clear to see why. It is a practical, comfortable, and stylish choice that suits a variety of styles, making it one of the most popular fabrics in India.

types of Indian fabrics with name

The fabric industry of India boasts some of the most exquisite and ancient fabrics. Khadi, Chanderi, and Banarasi are three of the most popular and widely used fabrics that are renowned for their beauty and intricate designs.

Khadi, made from hand-spun yarn, is a lightweight fabric celebrated for its traditional look and texture. Chanderi, a blend of silk and cotton, is a fine and delicate fabric known for its sheer texture and mesmerizing floral motifs.

Banarasi, a luxurious fabric, is a blend of silk and zari and is known for its opulent embroidery and vibrant colors.


  • India is a country renowned for its beautiful fabrics, and Khadi is its most loved and iconic fabric. Traditionally hand-woven, Khadi has its own unique characteristics that set it apart from other fabrics.
  • It has a distinct texture and feel, and its rustic appeal is one of its most attractive qualities. Khadi is made of cotton, silk, or wool, and is hand-spun and hand-woven.
  • This makes it a slow and labor-intensive process, and the fabric takes on a unique character as a result. Khadi has an uneven texture to it and is lightweight and airy.
  • It also has an incredibly soft yet sturdy feel, making it ideal for clothing and furniture. Khadi is also a symbol of India’s independence movement and has been used as a way of promoting self-reliance.
  • This has only increased the fabric’s popularity, making it a symbol of patriotism and pride in India. It has been used in numerous political campaigns and continues to be used today as a way of showing India’s rich heritage.


Chanderi indian fabric
  • Moving on from the most popular fabrics in India, Chanderi is a beautiful fabric that has been around for centuries and is still highly popular. It is a mixed fabric, with a blend of silk and cotton, which makes it a lightweight yet elegant fabric.
  • The fabric is hand-woven and has a unique sheen that is not seen in many other fabrics. Chanderi is characterized by its unique weave, which is done using a special type of cotton yarn known as ‘vanki’.
  • This yarn is twisted and dyed before being woven into the fabric, giving it a distinct look and feel. The fabric is also adorned with intricate designs and motifs, which are usually hand-embroidered or block-printed.
  • This gives Chanderi its characteristic look, making it a favorite among fashionistas. The fabric is traditionally used to make sarees, suits, and dupattas,
  • but it can also be used to make a variety of other garments, such as blouses and kurtas. The fabric is most commonly seen in bright colors, such as magenta, orange and yellow, but it can also be found in more subdued hues.
  • Chanderi is a fabric that exudes style and sophistication, and it is sure to make any outfit look stunning.


Banarasi indian fabric
  • Banarasi, a heavy, ornate fabric adored by many, is a specialty of the holy city of Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh, India. Combining the finest of silk, zari, and artistry, Banarasi sarees are the epitome of luxury and elegance.
  • These sarees are known for their intricate designs and heavy motifs, often featuring gold and silver brocade work, along with a variety of different embroidery styles.
  • The origin of the Banarasi saree dates back to the Mughal period when exquisite fabrics were produced in Varanasi’s weaving sheds. The fabric has since evolved and become an important part of the Indian wedding trousseau.
  • Brides often select a Banarasi saree for their special day, as the saree’s intricate designs and vibrant colors are said to bring good luck and prosperity to the bride.
  • Today, the Banarasi saree continues to be sought after for its beauty and craftsmanship. It is considered to be a timeless classic and is often passed down from generation to generation as a treasured heirloom.
  • As such, it remains a popular choice for weddings and other special occasions, imbuing the wearer with a sense of class and sophistication. From the lushly embroidered borders to the vibrant colors, a Banarasi saree is sure to make an impression.

traditional fabrics of India

The beauty and intricacy of India’s traditional fabrics are unparalleled, with Khadi, Chanderi, and Kanjeevaram being amongst the most beloved.

Khadi, known for its light and airy textures, is a handspun fabric handcrafted by skilled artisans. Chanderi, with its lightweight and translucent feel, is a traditional fabric made with a combination of silk and cotton.

Finally, Kanjeevaram, known for its vibrant hues and patterns, is a heavy silk fabric traditionally used for special occasions.


Moving on from the various types of fabrics in India, one of the most popular traditional fabrics in India is Khadi. Khadi is a hand-woven cloth that is spun from cotton yarn.

which is also known as ‘khadda It is produced all over India but is most popular in its birthplace – Maharashtra. A defining feature of Khadi is its unique texture and feel, which is a result of being hand-woven.


Moving on from the various types of fabric in India, traditional fabrics of India are a sight to behold. One such fabric is Chanderi. Chanderi is a traditional fabric, with origins in the town of Chanderi in Madhya Pradesh.

It is crafted with the finest cotton and silk, creating a beautiful blend of the two. This fabric is often lightweight, making it perfect for wearing in the summer. It is available in a variety of colors, ranging from light pastels to deep, vibrant hues. The fabric is also extremely soft to the touch and is known for its glossy sheen.


Kanjeevaram fabric

Moving on from the variety of fabrics available in India, traditional fabrics, namely Khadi, Chanderi, and Kanjeevaram, are renowned for their exquisite craftsmanship and elegance. Of these, Kanjeevaram is often referred to as the ‘Queen of silks’.

It is a classic form of weaving originating from the region of Kanchipuram, in Tamil Nadu. Kanjeevaram sarees are known for their vibrant designs, vivid colors, and intricate zari work.

The lustrous texture of the fabric is achieved by the use of fine silk threads, which are woven together using a combination of elaborate gold, silver, and sometimes even copper zari.

most expensive fabric in India

Cashmere is widely known as the most expensive fabric in India. It is made from the wool of the Kashmiri goat, and its softness and luxurious feel have made it the king of fabrics.

Silk is another sumptuous fabric that is highly sought after, its texture is smooth and luxurious, and it is used to make some of the most beautiful sarees in India.

Brocade is a richly decorative fabric, often woven with gold or silver threads, and it is an essential part of traditional Indian fashion.


  • A step up from the traditional fabrics of India, Cashmere is the most expensive and luxurious fabric in the nation.
  • Deriving its name from the region of Kashmir, Cashmere is a delicate wool produced from the inner coat of the Cashmere goat, which is known for its softness and warmth.
  • The wool is hand-combed from the goats during their molting period and is then cleaned, carded, and sorted by hand.
  • Cashmere is highly sought after for its remarkable feel, which is why it is typically spun into fine yarns for knitting and weaving.
  • It is considered to be the epitome of luxury and is typically used for shawls and scarves, as well as fine-quality clothing. Despite being incredibly delicate and requiring a lot of maintenance,
  • Cashmere garments are extremely resilient and last for many years, making them the perfect investment.
  • For the fashion-savvy, Cashmere is a must-have fabric, since its soft texture and lightweight feel make it a perfect addition to any wardrobe.
  • Apart from being extremely comfortable, Cashmere is also known for its exceptional warmth, making it a great pick for winter.
  • Furthermore, it is a versatile fabric and can be dyed in a number of different colors, making it easy to find one that matches any look.


  • The subtle sheen and luxurious softness of silk have made it an enduring favorite among all fabrics, and India is no exception. From sarees to shawls, the use of silk in Indian clothing is timeless.
  • This fabric is extracted from the larvae of certain species of silkworms and has long been associated with sophistication and elegance.
  • Silk is known for its smooth texture and luminous color, and it is a favorite among those who wish to make a statement with their clothing.
  • It is often seen as the epitome of luxury, and its exquisite detail is perfect for many formal occasions. Not only does silk look sophisticated, but it also feels amazing to wear, making it a popular choice for special occasions.
  • In India, silk is produced in four main ways: south Indian silk, tussar silk, north Indian silk, and eri silk. Each of these has a unique look and feel, and they are all used to make a variety of garments, from saris to salwar kameez.
  • Regardless of which type of silk is used, the fabric is sure to add a touch of elegance to any outfit.


  • Shimmering with exquisite vibrancy, brocade is one of the most expensive fabrics in India. Its intricate designs and luxurious texture make it a preferred choice for royalty.
  • Traditionally, brocade was used for ceremonial outfits and other grand occasions, symbolizing wealth and status.
  • The fabric is usually made from silk and zari, a metal thread, and is usually hand woven. This combination gives brocade its distinct glossy look and feel.
  • The metal thread is usually gold or silver and is woven into the silk, creating ornate patterns and designs. The fabric is usually dyed in deep and vibrant colors, making it a sought-after choice for special occasions.
  • Brocade is a timeless classic that has been around for centuries and is still a part of India’s fashion culture.
  • The fabric is not only associated with luxury and prestige, but it also makes a statement of quality and craftsmanship.
  • Brocade is a fabric that is sure to impress and its intricate patterns and rich colors make it the perfect choice for a special occasion.

What are the different fabric types commonly used in India for sewing garments?

In India, many different kinds of fabric are used to make clothes. Cotton, silk, rayon, linen, and polyester are some of the most popular. These fabrics come in many different textures, designs, and colors, so they can be worn in many different styles.

What are some types of native Indian fabrics that are known for their rich cultural history?

Banarasi silk, Chanderi cotton, Kanchipuram silk, Maheshwari cotton, and Kota Doria are all types of native fabrics in India.

How has Indian culture affected the growth of different types of cloth in the country?

Indian culture, with its many different practices and celebrations, has given rise to fabric styles like Bandhani, Patola, and Chikankari, which have complex patterns and bright colors.

How do temperature and geography in different parts of India affect the types of fabrics that are used?

Lightweight materials like cotton and linen are popular in warmer places, while Pashmina and tweed may be more popular in colder places.

What does it mean for India’s textile business that some types of fabric are handwoven?

Handwoven fabrics like Khadi are important to India’s culture and economy because they help preserve traditional skills and support local artists.


Indian fabrics have been the signature of its culture for centuries, boasting a rich and diverse collection of fabrics ranging from traditional hand-woven to modern-day creations.

It is a real treat for the eyes to see the vibrant colors and intricate designs of the fabrics. From traditional fabrics like Khadi and Chanderi to contemporary fabrics like Lycra and Nylon, India has something for everyone.

The fabrics of India are truly a reflection of the country’s vibrant culture, making it a favorite amongst fashion enthusiasts. From lightweight cotton to luxurious silks, the choices are endless

when it comes to finding the perfect fabric for your wardrobe. Whether you are looking for something to wear to a wedding or something that you can use for everyday wear, India has the perfect fabric for you.

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