fabric types for clothing

50+ Fabric Types With Pictures & Their Best Use For Clothing

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The world of fabrics is vast and diverse. Every fabric type has its own unique characteristics, uses, benefits, and drawbacks. When it comes to clothing, the fabric type can make or break the appearance of the garment.

From the lightweight, airy feel of chiffon to the strong and sturdy denim, the type of fabric used for clothing can vastly vary. Different fabric types come with their own advantages and disadvantages.

In this article, we will explore fabric types for clothing, embarking on a journey to understand the intricacies of textiles and their impact on our everyday wear.

types of fabrics with name

Cotton is a fine, light fabric that is soft and breathable, making it a popular choice for clothing. Its fibers are spun into a durable yet malleable material, ideal for many garments.

Linen, on the other hand, is a heavier fabric known for its strength and durability. It is often used for curtains, tablecloths, and other home decor pieces. Lastly, leather is a luxurious material prized for its strength and beauty.


  • Cotton is a lightweight and breathable fabric that has become one of the most popular materials used in fashion and apparel.
  • Its light, airy texture makes it the perfect choice for hot summer days, while its durability and strength make it a great choice for any season. The fabric is also highly absorbent and can easily be dyed in a wide range of colors.
  • Cotton is often blended with other fabrics such as polyester, spandex, and elastane to create fabrics with special characteristics. The fabric is also used to make a variety of garments, from t-shirts to jeans, as well as bed linens, curtains, and upholstery.
  • Cotton fabric has a unique look and feel that can be seen in many of today’s fashion trends. Its softness and flexibility make it ideal for creating flowy and comfortable garments.
  • Cotton is also a great choice for sportswear, due to its breathability and ability to wick away moisture. It is an ideal fabric for exercising or playing sports, as it helps keep the body cool and dry.
  • The fabric is also very easy to care for and can be machine-washed and tumble-dried. Cotton is also often used to make bed linen, as it is breathable and helps keep the body cool while sleeping.


Linen fabrics
  • Moving on from cotton, linen is another popular fabric choice. It is crafted from fibers derived from the stems of the flax plant, which has been cultivated for centuries.
  • Linen is known for its breathability and lightness which makes it ideal for clothing during the summer months. It is also incredibly durable, often lasting for generations.
  • Linen has a unique texture, which is why it has been used in high-end fashion for centuries. Its fibers are very tightly woven, which gives it a glossy sheen and a crisp feel.
  • Its unique texture also helps to provide a certain level of airiness, allowing the material to be lightweight and breathable.
  • Linen is also an incredibly versatile fabric. It can be used for everything from clothing to bed sheets. It is also used in a variety of colors, from pastel shades to bold, vibrant designs.
  • It can also be used in a variety of textures, from smooth and silky to coarse and rough. Its versatility makes it a popular choice when it comes to home decor and fashion.


Leather fabric
  • Leather is an incredibly unique material that has been used for centuries to make garments and accessories. It is an incredibly durable and long-lasting material, making it a great choice for everyday wear.
  • Leather is obtained from the hides of animals, and it is tanned and treated to make it soft and wearable. Leather is also very breathable and lightweight, making it comfortable to wear.
  • Additionally, leather is water-resistant, making it ideal for outdoor activities. Leather is also incredibly versatile and can be used to create a variety of garments, from biker jackets and chaps to stylish skirts and blouses.
  • The texture and color of leather can vary greatly, so it’s easy to find the perfect piece to fit any look. Leather is also a great choice for making accessories such as wallets, handbags, and belts. Leather accessories are perfect for adding a touch of sophistication to any outfit.

types of fabric for dresses

Chiffon is a lightweight, sheer fabric with a soft, airy texture. Its dreamy drape and flow make it a popular choice for elegant evening gowns and bridal dresses. Tulle, on the other hand, is a stiffer material that adds volume to a dress.

Its crinoline-style netting creates a voluminous, romantic effect. Satin is a luxurious fabric with a smooth, glossy finish. Its smooth, reflective surface and full body make it popular for formal dresses and gowns.


  • From the diverse array of fabrics, chiffon stands out as a special favorite among women. Soft, lightweight, and translucent, this sheer fabric is crafted from silk, rayon, nylon, or polyester.
  • Its light and airy texture makes it a beautiful choice for a variety of garments, particularly dresses. Chiffon is a flexible fabric that can be used in many creative ways. Its soft, dreamy texture gives it an airy and romantic feel.
  • With a variety of colors and prints, it can be dressed up for a night out or dressed down for a casual look. It has a slight sheen that adds an extra touch of sophistication to any outfit. Its lightweight nature makes it perfect for summertime garments and special occasions.
  • Chiffon is also a great choice for formal wear. Its delicate and graceful look makes it perfect for creating elegant gowns and floor-length dresses. Its extra layer of fabric provides a flattering fit and a beautiful draping effect.
  • The fabric can be used to create wonderful details such as pleats, ruffles, and tiered skirts. It is an ideal fabric for making timeless gowns that can be passed down for generations.


Tulle fabric
  • As subtle as a whisper, tulle is the perfect fabric for creating dreamy dresses. Delicate, lightweight, and airy, it’s made from a variety of fibers such as silk, nylon, rayon, or cotton.
  • Its soft texture and shimmering quality make it the ideal material for romantic occasions. Tulle is an ethereal fabric that is often used to create full skirts, veils, and bodices.
  • Perfect for a princess-inspired look, it’s often used to create traditional bridal gowns or classic evening dresses. Not only is it soft and lightweight, but it also adds volume and movement to a dress.
  • In addition to its classic use in bridal and eveningwear, tulle can also be used to make modern statement pieces. From puffy sleeves to ruffled skirts, this versatile fabric can be used to create unique and eye-catching designs.
  • Whether it’s used for a classic ballgown or a contemporary party dress, tulle is sure to bring elegance and glamour to any ensemble.


  • Rolling out from the diverse array of fabrics that can be used to make dresses, satin is one of the most popular choices for special occasions. Its luster and soft texture lend an air of elegance to any garment.
  • With its smooth, glossy finish, satin can be used to create a variety of different looks. Unlike other fabrics, satin is made from a combination of silk, cotton, and synthetics.
  • The tight weave of the fabric gives it a high sheen and smooth texture, making it perfect for formal dresses. Its luxurious feel and glossy look make it the ideal choice for special occasions.
  • Satin is also popular due to its durability and versatility. In addition to being used for formalwear, it is also used in everyday clothing, such as tops, skirts, and pants.
  • It’s also a great choice for accent pieces such as linings, trims, and accessories. Its lightweight and strength make it ideal for any type of clothing. Thanks to its versatility and easy care, satin is a go-to for creating a timeless, elegant look.

types of fabric textures

Cotton offers a soft, breathable texture that is smooth to the touch. Denim has a thicker and more durable texture, often described as rugged and strong. Fleece is a lightweight fabric featuring a fluffy and comfortable texture.


Moving on from types of fabric for dresses, let’s delve deeper into the realm of fabric textures.

  • Cotton is a fabric that is renowned for being incredibly lightweight and breathable. With its breathability and lightweight quality, it is the perfect choice for summer dresses and other garments.
  • The fabric has a smooth, soft feel and comes in a variety of colors, from stark whites to vibrant blues. This natural material has been used for centuries to craft some of the finest garments.
  • The luxurious feel of the fabric is often attributed to its long and strong fibers, which makes it an excellent choice for clothing that needs to stand up to the test of time.
  • Cotton’s ability to absorb color and pattern makes it a great choice for a variety of garments, from beach cover-ups to evening gowns.
  • Not only is cotton a popular choice due to its comfort and durability, but it is also relatively affordable, making it a great choice for those looking to create stylish garments on a budget.


  • Beyond its stylish look, denim fabric is incredibly durable and hardwearing. It is made from a combination of cotton and synthetic fibers, usually cotton-polyester or cotton-lycra, for a more comfortable fit.
  • Its rugged texture is the result of the weaving process, which involves an extra twist in the yarn, making it strong and resistant to tearing and fraying.
  • Denim fabric offers excellent protection from the elements and is an ideal choice for those seeking a material that is both stylish and practical.
  • Its strong fibers allow it to hold its shape, making it a great option for those looking for something that won’t stretch out or sag over time. Denim fabric also offers a degree of breathability, making it comfortable to wear in warm weather.
  • Denim fabric is available in a variety of colors, from classic blues and blacks to more vibrant hues such as red and pink. Its versatility gives it a broad range of uses, from jeans and jackets to skirts and dresses.


  • From lightweight fabrics for summer dresses to heavy fabrics for winter, fleece is the perfect choice for any season. Known for its unique softness and comforting warmth, fleece provides the perfect combination of comfort and style.
  • Fleece is a medium-weight fabric, similar to wool, but with a much softer texture. This fabric is created from the fibers of animal hides, such as sheep, or synthetic fibers like polyester.
  • With its fuzzy texture, fleece is a great option for creating cozy, stylish winter clothing. It is also lightweight enough to be used in warm-weather garments.
  • Fleece is made up of breathable layers, which makes it ideal for activewear. This fabric is not only comfortable but also helps to keep the wearer cool and dry during exercise.
  • This makes fleece a great option for a range of sporting activities, from running to hiking. The fabric is also very durable, making it a great choice for activewear that will last season after season.

types of fabric

some common types of fabrics names list

  • Cotton
  • Silk
  • Wool
  • Polyester
  • Nylon
  • Rayon
  • Linen
  • Denim
  • Velvet
  • Satin
  • Chiffon
  • Lace
  • Fleece
  • Flannel
  • Tulle
  • Organza
  • Jersey
  • Twill
  • Corduroy
  • Chambray
  • Brocade
  • Leather
  • Suede
  • Canvas
  • Acrylic
  • Spandex
  • Lycra
  • Taffeta
  • Poplin
  • Seersucker
  • Muslin
  • Batik
  • Damask
  • Tweed
  • Hessian
  • Georgette
  • Velvetine
  • Brocade
  • Voile
  • Gingham
  • Moleskin
  • Jacquard
  • Felt
  • Chantilly Lace

Cotton is a lightweight fabric with a soft, breathable texture. Its natural fibers make it an ideal choice for a variety of different apparel items. Wool is a luxurious fabric with a soft, cozy feel, perfect for keeping out the winter chill.

Polyester is a lightweight, durable fabric that is often used for uniforms and other hard-wearing clothing items.


Cotton is also durable and strong. This means that although it’s comfortable, it’s also a fabric that can last for years. Cotton jeans, for example, will keep their shape even after repeated wear and washings.

The fabric is also easy to dye and will maintain its color for a long time. This makes it an ideal fabric for a wide range of colors and designs.


Wool is a natural fiber that is both soft and durable, making it a great choice for a variety of clothing, blankets, and other items. Its fibers are naturally crimped and springy, giving it a slight stretch.

When you wear wool, you can benefit from its insulation. It is great for keeping you warm in the winter and cool in the summer. Wool also has a natural wicking ability, meaning it can quickly and easily transport moisture away from your body.


Polyester fabric

Polyester is a popular choice due to its smooth, lightweight feel. It is made from synthetic materials that provide resistance to shrinking, stretching, and creasing. Polyester is an ideal choice for many garments due to its ability to be dyed easily,

its quick drying time, and its resistance to fading. Its easy-care quality makes it a favorite for busy lifestyles. Polyester is often blended with other fabrics, such as cotton, to create a fabric that has the best qualities of both fabrics.

This blend creates a fabric that is lightweight, durable, and wrinkle-resistant. It is a popular choice for items such as suits, shirts, and blouses.

beautiful fabric names


From the list of fabrics, let’s take a closer look at one of the more ancient and timeless pieces of cloth—linen.

  • Linen is a strong, light, and breathable fabric that has been used for thousands of years.
  • With a soft, semi-lustrous surface, linen is an elegant fabric that can be used to make a variety of garments.
  • Linen has a distinct texture and a crispness that speaks of its durability. It has an unmistakable sheen that comes from the way it is woven, and as it is worn, it develops a beautiful crease that adds to its charm.
  • Its lightweight and breathable nature makes it perfect for summer days, while its natural insulating qualities make it great for colder days as well.
  • Linen also dyes and prints easily, making it an excellent choice for all kinds of patterns, from subtle designs to bold, eye-catching prints.
  • From lightweight linen shirts to heavy linen curtains, linen is a versatile fabric that is perfect for any occasion. It can be dressed up for formal occasions, dressed down for casual days, and even used in interior design for a timeless and elegant look.


  • From the practicality of cotton to the luxuriousness of velvet, fabric is an incredibly important part of fashion. Denim is a unique fabric that strikes a perfect balance between the two. It is a durable, affordable fabric that is also fashionable.
  • The texture of denim is that of a slightly rough, yet soft material. It can be a light, pastel blue, or a deep navy. It is also available in many other colors like green, pink, yellow, and more.
  • Denim is a fashion staple for its comfort and durability. It is a strong fabric that can last for years, despite frequent use. It is also an affordable fabric making it a great choice for those on a budget.
  • Denim clothing items are easy to style and can be dressed up or down according to the occasion. The fabric’s versatility allows for its use in many different types of clothing and accessories.


  • Velvet is a luxurious fabric that has been adored and treasured for centuries. Its sumptuous texture and unique sheen make it an excellent choice for formal and evening wear.
  • Its origins date back to the Middle East, and it was once a prized commodity for the ruling classes. The rich and deep colors of velvet make it a showstopper in any wardrobe.
  • The fabric itself is made from silk, cotton, or synthetic fibers that are tightly woven together. The tight weave gives it a soft and velvety feel that’s smooth to the touch.
  • It’s also highly durable and resistant to wrinkling, making it ideal for dresses, suits, and jackets. Velvet is also available in a variety of weights, from lightweight to heavyweight, allowing it to be used for a wide range of garments.
  • Velvet has always been associated with royalty and luxury, but it is now available to everyone. From bright and bold colors to pastels and neutrals, velvet can be found in all sorts of shades and hues.
  • It’s also incredibly versatile, able to be worn year-round and on any kind of occasion. Whether it’s a formal gala or a night out on the town, velvet is sure to make a statement.

fabric types chart

Cotton, linen, and polyester are three of the most popular types of fabric in the world. Cotton is known for its breathability and soft touch, while linen is light and airy while being highly durable. Polyester offers a wrinkle-free, low-maintenance texture that is suitable for a variety of garments.


  • Ah, cotton. The fabric of our lives! A classic, natural fabric that is the basis of many of our most cherished garments and household items. Soft, breathable, and very durable, cotton is the perfect fabric for a variety of items.
  • Cotton is made from a fluffy fiber found around the seeds of cotton plants. The fabric is strong and absorbent, making it ideal for a variety of uses.
  • Depending on the type of weave and thread count, cotton can be light and airy or thick and heavy. This versatility makes it suitable for a variety of climates and activities.
  • Cotton is also highly absorbent, making it an ideal choice for towels, bedsheets, and even cloth diapers. Its natural breathability ensures that it is comfortable to wear, even in warm weather.
  • Additionally, cotton is highly durable, making it perfect for garments that are worn frequently.


  • Linen is a strong, versatile fabric with a unique, slightly rough texture and a subtle sheen. It is made from the fibers of the flax plant and has been used by humans for thousands of years.
  • Linen is prized for its breathability and absorbency, both of which make it a perfect choice for hot summer days. This lightweight fabric can be woven into soft, luxurious garments,
  • such as dresses, suits, and pants, or into heavier items like curtains, upholstery, and blankets. Its strength and durability make it a popular choice for everyday clothing as well.
  • Linen is easy to care for and resistant to wrinkles, making it a convenient fabric for any wardrobe. It can be laundered in a variety of ways.
  • For best results, linen should be washed in cold water on a gentle cycle with a mild detergent and hung to dry or tumble-dried on a low setting. With proper care, linen garments can look beautiful for many years.


  • Polyester is a synthetic material that is known for its strong and lightweight fibers. It is wrinkle-resistant, which is why it is so often used in clothing and apparel.
  • This fabric is also relatively inexpensive and can be dyed in a variety of colors, making it a popular choice for a wide range of projects. It is also resistant to shrinking, making it a great choice for home décor items.
  • When it comes to caring for polyester, it is best to wash it in cold water and use a mild detergent. The fabric may be dried in the dryer, but it is important to use the lowest setting to avoid shrinking. Ironing is not usually necessary, as the fabric is wrinkle-resistant.
  • Overall, polyester is a popular fabric choice for its versatility and affordability. It is great for craft projects, clothing, and home décor items. It is also easy to care for and comes in a variety of colors.

Can you explain the difference between materials that are woven and those that are knitted?

Weaving is the process of weaving yarns together at right angles to make a stable, structured cloth. On the other hand, knitted fabrics are made by linking yarns together, which makes them more stretchy and flexible.

How do you handle fabric with delicate or intricate patterns during the cutting and sewing process?

To make clean cuts when working with thin or printed fabrics, you must use sharp scissors or a rotary cutter. To keep the design from falling apart, it is important to place patterns carefully.

How do you choose the right fabric for a certain style or pattern of clothes?

Think about what you want the clothing to be like, such as its drape, texture, weight, and stretch, and choose a fabric that fits those needs the best.

Do clothes come in fabrics that are good for the environment?

Yes, there are fabrics that are good for the environment, such as organic cotton, hemp, bamboo, and Tencel, which are made from wood pulp that doesn’t harm the environment.

Can the type of fabric change how a piece of clothing fits?

A: Yes, the choice of fabric can have a big effect on how a piece of clothing fits. Stretchy fabrics like spandex mixes can give you a more fitted look, while stiff fabrics like taffeta can make you look more put together.


The world of fabric is a vast and exciting one, and with the variety of textures and materials available, it can be difficult to decide which suits your needs best.

From lightweight cotton for airy summer wear to soft woolens for cozier winter garments, there is a fabric for every season and every mood.

With an A-Z of fabrics to choose from, and a fabric types chart to help you along the way, you can now find the perfect material to create your next masterpiece.

With so many options, you’re sure to find the right fabric for any occasion. So go ahead—explore the world of fabric, and let your imagination run wild!

Different Types Of Fabric With Name || Fabric types for clothing || Clothes fabric name

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